In a prior post, I went over how many Christians attack evolutionary theory without either knowing what it actually is, or willfully ignoring what it actually is. I pointed out that many Christians, including the pastor who wrote these things, try to make false claims about its supposed randomness, which he, and they, think is such a great and wonderful attack on the theory that they benefit from every day.
The pastor posted two posts on his blog, in an evident hope to support his claims. Let’s see how he does.
To begin with, he tries to excuse his claims by saying that the average person uses the terms accident or chance. That may the case; it’s still wrong, and creationists use these terms intentionally to try to cast doubt on evolutionary theory. The pastor just parrots what they say and these creationists certainly do their best to hide behind science when they want, witness the attempts by the Discovery Institute, Answers in Genesis, etc. when they try to claim how ever-so scientific they are, insisting that any second now, they’ll have actual evidence for their myths. It’s been decades since they’ve made that claim and still no evidence.
There is no evidence that the universe came about by accident or chance. Indeed, the evidence points to the laws physics being quite enough for it to come into being and they may be just as “eternal” as theists claim their gods are.
The pastor displays his ignorance about other religions when he repeats his failed claim that “people saw this world as being the by-product of the wars and love affairs of gods”. Some religions do indeed see this as true, and quite a few make the same claim that the pastor does “Creation reveals God and leaves us without excuse.” None of them can support this, and putting the words in bold doesn’t make it any truer and no better than the claim of an imam or a guru or a Wiccan priestess. He also claims that the gods of other religions didn’t mean to make the universe and humans. That is incorrect too and that ignorance would have been cured by a very quick internet search. For example, Ahura Mazda was an uncreated being that intentionally created humans as a good thing. Jainism believes that the universe has always existed, no creator needed. Egyptian myth has Ptah creating the universe with a “word” and speaking humans into existence or Neith wove everything in the universe intentionally on her loom. When one cherry picks myths, one gets a wrong answer that all religions have what Christians often seem to be trying to make as a set of “primitive” beliefs. In other religions, there are indeed purposeful creation of human beings. The pastor’s claim that humans are only a “by product” in other religions is wrong.
It doesn’t seem that creationism and the pastor’s version are getting off to a good start. His idea that humans *must* be created by a god intentionally doesn’t make his religion unique nor does it support the common Christian claim that humans have to be created to be worth something. Per his religion, we must worship his god because his god created us to do so. That no evidence can be shown to support this claim, there is no need of worship (and paying preachers) at all.
The pastor claims that there can’t be reason or purpose for his existence without his god. I do feel sorry for people who feel like that since that makes them afraid, very afraid and very dangerous to people who dare to point out that they can be wrong. When one’s entire self-worth is based on being right about a god that has no evidence for it, it can make for desperation. I would posit that this desperation is why a lot of young men and women kill themselves (and others) for Islam. They have nothing else that tells them that they are worth something.
Happily, humans can have many things that make life worth living, which gives a reason and a purpose: family, friends, pets, justice, art, etc. The pastor, like so many ignorant Christians, wants to claim that having no god means nihilism. They have to make that false claim since they have to be able to give a reason why someone must agree with them in order to get that external validation. They must play on fear.
Things still aren’t looking good for this Christian version. The pastor’s quotes from Dawkins are a little strange. They do show that evolution is not based on randomness as creationists would claim. They are all from Climbing Mount Improbable and the main gist of this book is that evolution isn’t improbable like theists may claim since it does things slowly, makes many mistakes, and doesn’t always work or get the best answer to a problem. We can see that if we take one of the bits and look at it in context.
“We have arrived back at Mount Improbable, back to “smearing out” the luck: to taking what looks like an immense amount of luck – the luck needed to make an eye where previously no eye, say – and explaining it by splitting it up into lots of little pieces of luck, each one added cumulatively to what has gone before. WE have now seen how this actually works, by means of the accumulation of lot of little pieces of ancestral luck in the DNA that survives. Alongside the minority of genetically well-endowed individuals who survived, there were large numbers of less favored individuals who perished. Every generation has its Darwinian failures but every individual is descended only from previous generations’ successful minorities.”
The pastor claims that there are three problems.
- That the defenders of evolution have not allowed for the use of everyday language to sum up a point or to describe the perception that arises out of their theory.
- That a lot of people don’t really know how things like chance and probability work.
- That whilst it would be reductionist to think of evolution purely in terms of random/blind chance, it would be similarly reductionist to ignore the element of chance present in evolutionary theory as well.
It is not that the “defenders of evolution” haven’t allowed for the use of everyday language, it is that we aren’t interested in the false claims of creationists being spread by their ignorance of the subject they attack. It is true that many people don’t know how probability works and that includes creationist. I’ve found this website that does a good job at simply explaining probability. And yes, we know that the pastor is using “accident” and “random” as attacks against evolutionary theory since the creationist’s only argument is that the universe must be designed and must be intentional. Creationists try to use the ignorance of others about chance and probability to make their false statements. The last point is a strawman since no one has said that no chance at all is in involved. The only ones who have tried to imply that evolution depends entirely on chance are the creationists since, again, they must draw a distinction between their divine design and everything else. Varying probabilities are involved and one can see that from the quote from Dawkins above.
(as an aside, probabilities are something that a lot of folks don’t understand. The probability of life on earth is 1 (certain) since we are most definitely here. We don’t know exactly how things started, and we may never know, but we know it happened. The evidence may be long gone since the surface of the earth is constantly being remade.
So, for abiogenesis we don’t know exactly how it started, but we know the laws of physics and chemistry so we can do the experiments to get ideas on how it may have worked. We may, at some point, succeed in making life, but even then we may not have come upon the exact way it happened on earth because there could be more than one way for abiogenesis to occur.
Now, we have plenty of evidence that evolution has occurred. We have evidence that there are physical laws and they don’t change randomly. We have physicists that propose theories and we have the experiments and observations that these theories are accurate descriptions of how the universe behaves. This makes for a high probability that they are correct.
And then we have the claims about various gods, including the Christian one. We have no evidence that any gods exist. We have no evidence that they somehow influence the universe. We have no evidence that any god created the universe. We do have evidence that prayers do not work as advertised. With these facts, there is no reason to assign a high probability to the claim that this god exists.)
It’s rather fun to watch creationists now try to walk back their false claims about evolution. This has happened again and again since evolutionary theory was mentioned. By dribs and drabs, creationists have accepted the pieces of evolutionary theory that they could not reject without looking completely idiotic. Oh well, the bible was literal….. until it became metaphor. There was no evolution….until some creationists decided that that there was “microevolution” but golly, no macroevolution. And now we have Christians who say that the bible has nothing to do with describing the world as it is, but not it’s only a guide for morality and spirituality (which it fails at too).
Now, the pastor wants to claim that we are “really” talking about probability. And indeed, we have been all along. In this universe, we know that everything isn’t random and chaotic, which is exactly what evolutionary theory says and how the world works. However, when a theist claims a miracle, and that the events of the bible really did happen, then they are claiming that yes, “anything can happen”, that people can fly against the laws of physics, that a whale can swallow a man, that the dead can be made alive again, the universe is random and chaotic. However, they don’t live their lives this way. They claim that they have a god that is the “unknown known” that makes miracles happen, but they have no evidence for the actor nor the miracles themselves; they inject the deus ex machina which they cannot show exists or that it is even probable. Continue reading “Not So Polite Dinner Conversation – probability, evolution and theists”